What Are the Most In-Demand Jobs in Germany?
In this article, I'm going to look into what jobs remain in high demand even during the crisis, how much people in different industries are paid, and where you can get appropriate training in Germany.
The pandemic has affected the labor market in Germany. In February 2021, the number of people without any job amounted to one million, which means the unemployment rate in the country was approximately 41% higher than in the previous February. However, some industries show positive dynamics despite the crisis:
- agriculture, forestry, livestock farming, and gardening;
- construction, architecture design, and construction technologies;
- natural sciences;
We are going to take a look at the most well-paid jobs in these industries. I will indicate gross salaries, that is, before the deduction of tax. But first, let's make it clear how the tax is calculated.
Income Tax in Germany
In Germany, employers have to pay income tax. The amount depends on one's income and tax class. There are six tax classes in Germany:
Class I: single / divorced / widowed;
Class II: single parents;
Class III: married to a person who is classified under tax category V;
Class IV: married, equal wage rate;
Class V: married to a person who is classified under tax class III;
Class VI: individuals on multiple wages from more than one employer.
Students whose income is up to 450 € per month do not have to pay the tax. If a student earns more than the living wage, the minimum tax rate of 14% is to be paid. In 2021, the annual living wage in Germany is 9,744 € per person.
Highest Paid Jobs in Germany
Statistics show that medicine and dentistry are the most well-paid careers in Germany. According to the Stepstone Salary Report, the average pay there is 7,700 € per month.
For mining, engineers are in the highest demand today. Such a professional would make from 3,483 to 5,665 € per month.
Agricultural engineers are the key experts in agriculture, with their monthly pay ranging from 2,480 to 7,690 €.
If you pursue a career in construction, getting trained as a construction engineer will be the most financially rewarding option for you. These specialists earn from 3,952 to 5,268 € per month.
The pandemic has put experts in biology, chemistry, virology, as well as lab technicians on the frontline. An average salary of a researcher in biology and chemistry varies from 3,768 to 5,259 € per month.
Technical jobs are also in high demand now. For example, a mechanical engineer makes from 3,391 to 4,750 € per month, while the monthly payment of an engineering technologist ranges from 4,633 to 6,283 €.
A cloud architect is one of the most demanded IT jobs today. A well-functioning cloud infrastructure is crucial when you need to ensure fast and smooth data exchange, as well as permanent access to external servers. Those specializing in cloud architecture make from 5,070 to 7,205 € per month.
A study by Competence Center for Securing Skilled Employees (KOFA) indicates growing demand for engineers and IT specialists.
The demand for entertainment content increased during the pandemic too, which has given an impetus to the gaming industry. Even though the market is not that big in Germany yet, the monthly pay of a game developer starts from 3,560 €.
Where to Study in Germany
According to Statista, the University of Munich is the most popular place to study in Germany. It offers over 150 undergraduate and 115 master's programs. Its schools and departments include Informatics, Medicine, Life Sciences, and Law. Students don’t have to pay for their studies except for a semester fee of 144.40 €.
The second most popular university is the Technical University of Munich. It offers a large variety of departments too, such as Natural Sciences, Engineering, Medicine, Economy, Politics or Social Sciences.
Again, the study is available free of charge, but you have to pay a semester fee.
For medical programs, Heidelberg University is one of the leading educational institutions in the country. In 2021, the university was ranked third in the top ten universities in Germany. Studying there is not free of charge. According to the current regulations of Baden-Württemberg, foreign students have to pay 1,500 € per semester. For German students, the tuition fee is 171.75 € per semester.
The most popular German universities also include the Humboldt University of Berlin. The institution offers a large variety of departments and programs, from natural sciences and engineering to IT and social sciences. There are both undergraduate and master’s programs. You don’t have to pay for the studies except for a semester fee of 315.64 €.
To enroll in a German-speaking program, a foreign student is required to take a language test and provide one of the following certificates: DSH II, TestDaf- Niveaustufe 4, or Goethe-Zertifikat C2. To study efficiently, your level of language proficiency should be at least B2. If your program is taught in English, you will need to take the TOEFL or IELTS and obtain a score of at least 95 and 6.5 respectively.
By Valentina Yakupova
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