Career
10 min

Most demanded professions in Italy

Italy is famous not only for its exquisite cuisine, historical heritage, and nice weather. Many students and graduates come here for high quality European education and respectable employment terms.
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In this article we will look at the situation at the Italian labor market during the pandemic, and discuss what specialists this country needs, and where you can receive the most demanded professions.

Italian labor market situation 

From April 2020 through February of the current year, the unemployment level in Italy floated between 7.5% and 10.3%. Nevertheless, the total employment situation improved as compared to several years ago.

The unemployment level is still high across the young generation — about 30% of them have no job. That’s why in 2021 the Italian graduates will face high competition. When hiring young specialists, the employers usually tend to hire those with good work history. Perfect command of Italian language is a mandatory condition for foreigners. 

How much can you earn in Italy?

According to statistical data for the year 2021, minimum monthly salary in Italy is EUR 920, maximum - EUR 16 300. Salaries in Italy traditionally vary depending on the region: in the north and in Rome the salaries are higher than in the South. 

The average salary to expect in Italy is EUR 3 650 before tax. This amount depends on the region and the chosen occupation.

Despite overall enthusiasm towards the IT sector, Italy is interested not only in software developers. Among most demanded professions are medical professionals and highly qualified technical specialists like engineers, machinists, and service technicians. Legal, financial, and insurance advisers are also highly requested.

Salaries of medical professionals vary from EUR 1150 to EUR 3317 depending on the position. A technical specialist can earn from EUR 1442 to EUR 2900. Lawyers and software developers earn on average EUR 4725 and EUR 5495, respectively.

How are taxes paid in Italy?

To assess how much tax you would need to pay on your salary, let’s have a look on the Italy tax system and the basics of tax calculation. There are two types of taxes in Italy: 

State (national) taxes — the income tax, the VAT, and the corporate profits tax.. 

Local (regional and municipal) taxes — real estate tax, solid waste disposal tax, and vehicle registration fee.

If you plan to work for an Italian company, your income tax will be 23-43%, depending on your salare. In addition, you should pay a regional tax at 0.7-3.33%.

For legal entities, the Italian corporate profit tax is 24%, plus an additional regional manufacturing activity tax, usually at ,9%.

Where should I study to get a high-paying job?

According to Times Higher Education rating, in 2021 top five Italian high schools looked as follows:

The University of Bologna is the oldest university in the world. It offers 200 programs divided between its 11 departments. Take note of its clinical medicine and surgery department. According to U.S.News rating, the University of Bologna ranks one of the best places in the world to study these disciplines. 

Future surgeons should also look at Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, University of Verona, and Catholic University of Sacred Heart.

The high school of choice for future technical specialists is the Polytechnic University of Milan. It offers programs in information sciences, urban planning, mechanical engineering, and electrical engineering. This university holds the first place among Italian high schools by graduate employability parameter. 

Software developers should take a closer look at the University of Trento. It is renowned for providing education in information sciences,mathematics, and computer technologies . 

To study in Italian universities, you need not speak Italian. Many programs of top Italian high schools require only knowledge of English at Upper-Intermediate (B2) level. You may confirm it by presenting IELTS Academic or TOEFL certificates.

Author: Ekaterina NIkitina

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